How the Bible became holy / Michael L. Satlow.
By: Satlow, Michael L.Material type: TextPublisher: New Haven : Yale University Press, Description: ix, 350 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9780300171914; 0300171919; 9780300171921; 0300171927.Subject(s): Bible -- Canon | Bible -- HistoryDDC classification: 220.1 LOC classification: BS465 | .S285 2014
|Item type||Current location||Call number||Status||Notes||Date due||Barcode||Item holds|
|Book||*Schaff Library Stacks||BS 465 .S285 2014 (Browse shelf)||Available||Gift of Dr. Charles F. Melchert||30092101146042|
Includes bibliographical references (pages 307-327) and index.
The Northern Kingdom: Israel, 922-722 BCE -- The writings of Judah: Judah, 722-586 BCE -- The second commonwealth: Babylonia, Persia, and Yehud, 586-520 BCE -- Ezra and the Pentateuch: Persia and Yehud, 520-458 BCE -- Nehemiah to Chronicles: Yehud and Elephantine, 445-350 BCE -- The dawn of Hellenism: Judea, 350-175 BCE -- The Maccabean revolt: Judea, 175-135 BCE -- The holy books: Judea, 135-104 BCE -- The Septuagint: Alexandria, third century BCE-first century CE -- The Sadducees and the Dead Sea scrolls: Judea, 104-103 BCE -- Jesus and the synagogue: Judea and Galilee, 4 BCE-30 CE -- Paul: Jerusalem and abroad, 37-66 CE -- The Gospels: Judea, 66-100 CE -- Early Christians: Rome and Egypt, 100-200 CE -- The rabbis: Judea, 100-220 CE.
In this sweeping narrative, Michael Satlow tells the fascinating story of how an ancient collection of obscure Israelite writings became the founding texts of both Judaism and Christianity, considered holy by followers of each faith. Drawing on cutting-edge historical and archaeological research, he traces the story of how, when, and why Jews and Christians gradually granted authority to texts that had long lay dormant in a dusty temple archive. The Bible, Satlow maintains, was not the consecrated book it is now until quite late in its history. He describes how elite scribes in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C.E. began the process that led to the creation of several of our biblical texts. It was not until these were translated into Greek in Egypt in the second century B.C.E., however, that some Jews began to see them as culturally authoritative, comparable to Homer's works in contemporary Greek society. Then, in the first century B.C.E. in Israel, political machinations resulted in the Sadducees assigning legal power to the writings. We see how the world Jesus was born into was largely biblically illiterate and how he knew very little about the texts upon which his apostles would base his spiritual leadership. Synthesizing an enormous body of scholarly work, Satlow's groundbreaking study offers provocative new assertions about commonly accepted interpretations of biblical history as well as a unique window into how two of the world's great faiths came into being.